Window sills are quite prone to damage from pets, plants, and weather over time. Repairing or replacing old window sills is an easy home repair project that only takes a few hours and basic tools.
We love our homes, but they aren’t impervious. Unsightly cracks, dings, and everyday damage can build up over time and window sills are quite prone to damage from pets, plants, and weather. A interior window sill is the bottom portion of the window, and usually has a lip that overhangs the trim molding.
In today’s tutorial, I am showing how to replace interior window sills from some of the most common problems:
- Water Damage
- Bubbling MDF or pressboard
- Pet damage and deep claw marks
Repairing trim is actually practical, economical, easy to install, and only takes, at most, a few hours!
So, first, we have the crime. There’s actually 3 of these that look this bad. This damage is all from a wonderful pup we rescued. Unfortunately, he had severe separation anxiety, but it seems to have calmed down after a year of working with him. So it’s time to say goodbye to this eyesore!
Tools and Materials
- Hammer or prybar
- Utility Knife
- Hand Saw or Jig Saw
- Nails or Brad Nailer (This is the top rated kit we use)
- A board and router or a millwork board to match the other sills in your home
- A product to stop rot (you may or may not need this but we have used this one in the past)
- Wood Filler
- Putty knife
- Trim Caulk
Removing Window Casing and Sill
The first step is always the most worrisome, right? The window itself isn’t actually attached to the interior sill. The sill should be installed into the framing.
Step 1: Remove any side casing
Casing is trim that is around the outsides of doors and windows. Not all windows have casing, as our was just connected to drywall and caulked to hide seams. You will likely have to remove this because the casing sits on top of the sill, preventing the sill from moving upward.
The photos below are of me removing door casing, but all the same steps apply.
To remove casing, cut the caulk line on both sides that hides the drywall and window framing seal. Drag a razor knife top to bottom to do this, making sure to get the full caulk line if you can. Cut any caulk around the sill as well. (photo 1)
I use a crowbar to pull out the casing from the drywall. If prying, make sure use a brace against the wall so you don’t dent the drywall. (photo 2) Cleanup the excess caulk and remove nails/staples. (photo 3 & 4)
Often times the casing can be salvaged and put back on if you are careful, but sometimes it needs replaced.
Step 2: Pry off the sill.
Use a prybar or chisel to slowly pry the sill up. A hammer also helps. Keep the sill in one piece so you can use it as a model when cutting the new sill. So set it aside for later.
Dealing with Rot
At this stage, the biggest thing to watch for is any rot that may be around the frame. Rot will need to be removed, or it will continue to spread. If you do find minor mold or rotted wood, replace or clean and use a product like this to stop rotting.
Rot needs two things to happen: a disease inducing bacteria or fungus and water. Make sure that you are fixing the source of the water that caused the rot.
If you find major rot (structural or the water source can’t be found), here is where I recommend seeking professional assistance as the window and framing may need to be replaced.
After solving those issues, if any, here is a great opportunity to fill any gaps if they exist to ensure a more air tight seal. Take window spray foam and spray into the gaps and allow to dry. Cut away the excess foam with a razor blade prior to installing the new sill.
Step 3: Cutting The New Sill
We made our own here. A simple run across the router to create a bullnose edge makes any appropriate board a proper sill. If you do not have a router, most window sill material can be found in the millwork section at a home improvement store like Home Depot. Here is an example similar to ours. You will need to cut it to size however. Mark the board using your template from previous sill and cut.
Step 4: Attach new sill
Use nails or brad nails to install the wood board into place ensuring to nail into the framing below. I do not recommend gluing as it isn’t needed and will make any future repairs more difficult.
Step 5: Add Window Trim
If you had casing to remove around the window here is when you can reattached around the window.
Step 6: Final Touches
This is both the easiest and longest step for professional results. Depending on your particular situation, you may need to:
- Fill and smooth all nail holes with wood filler in wood areas.
- patch any dings in the drywall.
- Caulk around the edges of all the window trim and frame.
- Prime and paint as needed to match the existing trim in the house.
In our case, the window trim under the sill had some gouges and dog chewing damage as well. I elected to fill this particular piece as the edge cuts are not easy.
- I have used a lot of wood filler and this is my favorite product. I thinned it out with a bit of water to get in the smaller areas.
- For filling this type of wood, I love these sponges because they have edges that I can easily control and get into the ridges.
- Try to find real wood products rather than the cardboard-like pressboard that new houses use. It is a much better product that is easier to work with and is less prone to damage and problems.
- If you would like more information on caulking, check out our step-by-step guide to Caulking baseboards.
LOOKING FOR MORE SIMPLE WAYS TO IMPROVE YOUR HOME?
- The Easiest Way to Make Baseboards look Beautiful Again
- Make Basic Cabinets Look Expensive with Trim
- Building A Custom Closet
- How to Paint Old Kitchen Cabinets
Well, now that’s over, the dining room makeover will look much more finished. It’s hard to make a room inviting, cozy, and beautiful with eye sores such as these. If you want to see our finished dining room makeover, check out our home tour tab with all of our before and after makeovers.
Frequently Asked Questions
Scrape off any peeling paint. Use a paint stripper or sand with 120 grit sandpaper until smooth. Vacuum and wipe all dust off, then paint with 2 coats of durable paint.
Rot needs two things to happen: a disease inducing bacteria or fungus and water. Although sloped, a windowsill is a horizontal shelf where water can accumulate. The first step to repairing rot is to remove any exposure to the source of water.
A highly durable paint or poly topcoat is essential for protecting a windowsill. Cheap paint often becomes gummy and items set on it can stick. Use a satin or semi-gloss paint that is UV resistant.
Whether interior or exterior, materials cost less than $50 for wood window sills. If you have to hire a contractor, expect to pay additional labor charges of $100-250. Both calculations assume there isn’t more extensive damage to the window or framing, which would increase costs.
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How To Replace Interior Window Sill
- Cut the caulk line around both sides of the casing and the window sill itself. Drag a razor knife top to bottom to do this, making sure to get the full caulk line if you can.
- Use a crowbar to pull out the casing from the drywall. If prying, make sure to use a brace against the wall so you don't dent the drywall.
- Use a prybar or chisel to slowly pry the sill up. A hammer also helps. Try to keep the sill in one piece so you can use it as a model when cutting the new sill.
- Measure the sill area and use the old sill as a template if possible. Cut the new sill to size. Dry fit several times as the walls is likely not be completely straight.
- Use nails or brad nails to install the wood board into place ensuring that it is nailed into the framing below.
- Reattach or replace the side casing and trim that was removed with nails or brad nails.
- Complete the finishing of the window. Fill and smooth all nail holes with wood filler and patch walls if necessary. Caulk around the edges of all the window trim and frame. Prime and paint as needed to match the existing trim in the house.